Dr. James Lyon, Ph. D.

Doctor Lyon is a noted Balkan historian who has been involved in many official roles and academic works in this region of the world. James writes;

“All my writing and projects to date have been either books or papers that concentrated on Balkan politics, economics, and military history. I have highlighted some of the pieces that are less boring. I have also highlighted the two occasions when I testified before a U.S. Congressional Committee about Balkan issues, and my participation in a reform project of Serbia’s police and secret police.”

He is also the author of the paranormal thriller “Kiss of the Butterfly“,


James M. B. Lyon, Ph.D.



  • United States Congress Helsinki Commission, “The Western Balkans: Challenges For U.S. And European Engagement”, 2 April 2009.


  • Center for Strategic and International Studies, “The Matrix of International Power In Bosnia and Herzegovina,” presented at the conference “Ensuring Bosnia’s Future,” Washington, D.C., 15 January 2009.


  • Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, “Challenges to EU and US policy in the Western Balkans”, Washington, D.C., 14 January 2009.


  • RACVIAC Centre for Security Cooperation, “Preventing Conflict in the Balkans: Lessons Learned and the Way Ahead,” Conflict Prevention Seminar, Zagreb, 14 October 2008.


  • U.S. Department of State Foreign Service Institute and Bureau for European and Eurasian Affairs, Bosnia and Herzegovina Roundtable, 7 February 2008.


  • United States Institute of Peace, “Is Serbia Moving Towards Europe,” panelist, Washington, D.C., 7 May 2007.


  • Bosnian Institute, London. “Bosnia and the Kosovo status resolution”, 5 February 2007.


  • Zentrum für Internationale Friedenseinsätze, Special Seminar on Bosnia’s current political situation, 31 January 2007. Berlin.


  • Zentrum für Internationale Friedenseinsätze, “International and Local Policing in Peace Operations: Lessons Learned and the Way Forward to Integrated Approaches,” 8th International Berlin Workshop, 14-16 December 2006. Discussant.


  • Association for the Study of Nationalities Conference, “Globalisation, Nationalism and Ethnic Conflicts in the Balkans and its Regional Context,” 28-30 September 2006. Presented a paper Kosovo’s Status Process: Future Perspectives.


  • Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, conference on “Euro-Islam: The Dynamics of Effective Integration,” presented a paper: Balkan Islam: the Sandzak as a Case Study. Washington, D.C., 21 June 2006.


  • University of Southern California, School of International Relations, After Yugoslavia Symposium. 30-31 March 2006. Presented the concluding address: Milosevic is Dead: What Now?


  • Crans Montana, High Level Expert Forum, Montenegro, 19-21 February 2006. Speaker.


  • American Historical Association, 120th Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, 6 January 2006. Presented a paper “Political Obstacles to Scholarly Research In The Former Yugoslavia: War By Other Means,” on the Scholars’ Initiative panel: History as a Destructive Force in Multiethnic Societies.


  • Zentrum für Internationale Friedenseinsätze, “Organised Crime as an Obstacle to Successful Peacebuilding: Lessons Learned from the Balkans, Afghanistan and West Africa,” 7th International Berlin Workshop, 11-13 December 2005. Panel speaker on organised crime in the Balkans.


  • NATO Parliamentary Assembly 59th Rose-Roth Seminar, “Towards Euro-Atlantic Integration: Progress and Challenges in South-East Europe.”  Dubrovnik, Croatia, 12-14 March 2005. Presented a paper Serbia and Montenegro: The Perspective from Belgrade.


  • United States Institute of Peace, “Kosovo and Serbia: What Now?”, 20 May 2004, Washington D.C. Panel speaker.


  • Center for European Security Studies (Netherlands), Institute for Security Studies (Bulgaria), and DEMCON-SEE, “Democratic Control of the Security Sector in South-East Europe,” Sofia, Bulgaria, 3-16 November 2003. Discussant and participant.


  • University of Pittsburgh. Speaker at a conference “Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Future of Dayton,” 24-26 November 2002.


  • Center for European Security Studies (Netherlands), Centre for Regional and Security Studies (Montenegro), and DEMCON-SEE, Speaker at the conference “Essentials of Legislative Oversight of the Military,” Sveti Stefan, Montenegro, 14-15 June 2002.


  • Council of Europe and the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, Chair of panel and speaker at the conference: “Risks, Changes And Prospects In The Balkans,” Strasbourg, France, 29-30 November 2001.  Chaired a panel “Human Rights and Democratisation,” and delivered a paper “Yugoslavia’s Ongoing Threat To Regional Stability.”


  • Center for European Security Studies (Netherlands), Speaker at the conference: “Parliaments in South East Europe and Reform Priorities for the Security Sector.”  Bucharest, Romania, 27-29 September 2001.


  • Council on Foreign Relations, Panelist at a seminar: “Kosovo and its Neighbors.”  New York, 10 April 2001.


  • Harvard University, Center For the Study of Values in Public Life, Panelist at a seminar: “Bosnia and United States Foreign Policy: Religion, Human Rights and Peace,” Boston, Mass., 5-6 April 2001.


  • NATO Parliamentary Assembly 49th Rose-Roth Seminar on “Security and Stability in South-Central Europe.”  Dubrovnik, Croatia, 22-24 March 2001. Keynote Speaker.


  • Deutsche Parlimentarische Gesellschaft, Speaker at a seminar: “Kosovo Update.” Berlin, Germany, 29 March 2001.


  • United States Helsinki Commission, Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe, Panelist: “Serbia After Milosevic: A Progress Report.” Washington, D.C., 6 March 2001.


  • Dayton Peace Accords Project, Fifth Anniversary Commemoration, Chair of panel:  “Policy Objectives and Approaches Towards Serbia and the future status of Montenegro.”  16-19 November 2000, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, Ohio.  Sponsored by University of Dayton.  Panel included Montenegrin President Milo Djukanovic, Croatian President Stipe Mesic, High Representative Wolfgang Petritsch, Ibrahim Rugova, Hashim Thaci and Veton Surroi.


  • OSCE follow-up seminar to the Eighth Economic Forum, Speaker at a seminar: “How To Optimise Inter-institutional Relations in the Economic and Evironmental field.” Vienna, 5-6 October 2000.


  • Humanitarian Affairs Review and The Business Humanitarian Forum, Speaker: “What Can Business Bring to Balkan Reconstruction?” A conference sponsored by the Brussels, Belgium, 3 October 2000.


  • Institute for Security Studies of the West European Union, Speaker at a seminar: “Assessing South-Eastern Europe: developments and prospects.” Paris, France, 27-28 January 2000.


  • United States Institute of Peace, Panel III — The Future of the Balkans, conference on “Transatlantic Relations in the Aftermath of Kosovo,” Washington, D.C., 7 May 2007.


  • Dayton Peace Accords Project, Fourth Anniversary Commemoration, Speaker. 11-13 November 1999, Wright-Patterson Aifr Force Base, Dayton Ohio.  Sponsored by the University of Dayton.


  • USAID, Bosnian Ministry of Trade, and the Chamber of Economy, Speaker at a seminar: “Medunarodni Poslovni Forum.” Tuzla, Bosnia and Hercegovina, 26-28 May 1999.


  • Südosteuropa Gesellschaft, Speaker at a seminar: “Reconstruction Measures in Bosnia and Hercegovina.” Bonn, Germany, 3-4 May 1999.


  • Open Society Institute and the International Crisis Group, Panelist at a seminar: “Citizenship and Property Rights Issues in the Former Yugoslavia.” Budapest, Hungary, 10-12 December 1998.






  • Member of the Advisory Board to the Youth Initiative for Human Rights, Belgrade, Serbia. June 2006 to Present.


  • Accreditated Observer (Montenegrin Republic Referendum Commission) for the 21 May 2006 Montenegrin independence referendum.


  • Participant in the Serbian Interior Ministry’s consultative process for the draft laws on reforming the police, secret services and intelligence services, Vrnjacka Banja,  19-20 April 2002.


  • Member of the Stanley Foundation’s Advisory Group for the “Euro-Atlantic Initiatives Project: Serbia and the Challenge of Regional Integration,” 2001- 2002.





  • “Serbia’s Artillery in the Great War,” in King of Battle: Artillery in the First World War, Sanders Marble and Bruce Gundmundsen, eds., Brill, expected publication 2013.


  • “Serbian Politics 201: A Second Year Primer,’ in How To Understand Serbs, Nicholas Comrie, editor. Published by B92 Samizdat, Belgrade, 2008.


  • “Epilogue: Serbia After the Death of Milošević,” in Serbia Since 1989: Politics and Society under Milošević and After, 2nd editon, Sabrina Ramet and Vjeran Pavlaković, editors. Published by University of Washington Press, 2006.


  • “Overcoming Ethnic Politics in Bosnia?: Achievements and Obstacles to European Integration, Chapter 1 in “Peacebuilding and Civil Society in Bosnia-Herzegovina: Ten Years after Dayton, Martina Fischer, editor. Published by the Berghof Research Center for Constructive Conflict Management: LIT Verlag, Berlin, 2006.


  • After Milosevic: A Practical Agenda For Lasting Balkans Peace.  Author of chapters 3 (Serbia) and 6 (The Future of the FRY) and co-author of chapter 7 (Bosnia and Herzegovina).  Published by the International Crisis Group, March 2001.  337 pages.


  • Is Dayton Failing? Bosnia Four Years after the Peace Agreement. Published by the International Crisis Group; Brussels (1999) (editor and co-author). 136 pages.


  • Payments Bureaus in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Obstacles to Development and a Strategy for Orderly Transformation. USAID: Sarajevo, February 1999 (co-author). 143 pages.






  • “Semi-Detached: Kosovo’s Independence Hangs In The Balance”, Janes’ Intelligence Review, 23 December 2008.


  • “Phoenix Potential – The Zemun Clan’s Ongoing Influence”, Janes’ Intelligence Review, 15 July 2008.


  • “Serbia’s Sandzak under Milosevic: Identity, Nationalism and Survival,” Human Rights Review, Volume 9, Number 1/ March 2008.


  • “Organized Crime in the Balkans”, Organised Crime as an Obstacle to Successful Peacebuilding, Zentrum Fur Internationale Friedenseinsaetze. Report on the 7th International Berlin Workshop, 11-13 December 2003.


  • “Five Years and Five Billion Dollars did not make Bosnia and Herzgovina Self-Sustaining,” NGO Voice, Focus: Balkans, Brussels, November 2000.


  • “Will Bosnia Survive Dayton?” Current History, March 2000, Vol. 99, N° 636.


  • “Bosnia and Herzegovina: an Impossible Reconciliation?”  UNESCO Courier, December 1999.


  • “A Dead End to Reform,” Transitions On-Line, 7 October 1999. www.transitions-online.org


  • “‘A Peasant Mob:’ the Serbian Army on the Eve of the First World War.” The Journal of Military History: July 1997.


  • “Yugoslavia’s Hyperinflation, 1993-94: A Social History,” Eastern European Studies and Societies, Berkeley, Spring, 1996, vol. 10, issue 2, p. 293.


  • “Srbija u Americkim javnim glasilima, 1912-1995: kako od prijatelja napraviti neprijatelja.” in Evropa i Srbi, Slavenko Terzic, ed, collected works of the Serbian Academy of Arts and Sciences, vol.12.: Belgrade (1996).


  • “Yugoslavia’s Hyperinflation, 1993-94: The Winter of Discontent.” Godisnjak za drustvenu istoriju, vol.2.,#1: Belgrade (1995).


  • “Uloga americkih naucno-istoriografskih  casopisa u naucnom radu.” Vojnoistorijski glasnik, 1-2: Belgrade (1994).






Selected Op/Eds:




United States Institute Of Peace Reports



  • “Unfinished Business in Bosnia and Herzegovina: What Is To Be Done?”  May 2009. Co-author with Kurt Bassuener. 17 pages.



Democratization Policy Council Reports



  • “Rethinking US Policy Towards The Western Balkans”, 13 February 2009. 6 pages.


  • “Sliding Towards the Precipice: Europe’s Bosnia Policy”, 7 November 2008. 17 pages.



International Crisis Group Reports



  • “Will The Real Serbia Please Stand Up?”, Europe Briefing N°49, 23 April 2008. 17 pages.


  • “Kosovo’s First Month,” Europe Briefing N°47, 18 March 2008. 18 pages. (co-author)


  • “Serbia: Maintaining Peace In The Presevo Valley,” Europe Report N°186, 16 October 2007. 17 pages.


  • “Breaking the Kosovo stalemate: Europe’s responsibility,” Europe Report N°185, 21 August 2007. 24 pages. (co-author)


  • “Serbia’s New Government: Turning From Europe,” Europe Briefing N°46, 31 May 2007. 10 pages.


  • “Kosovo: No Good Alternatives to the Ahtisaari Plan,” Europe Report N°182, 14 May 2007. 38 pages. (contributing author)


  • “Ensuring Bosnia’s Future: A New International Engagement Strategy,” Crisis Group Europe Report N°180, 15 February 2007. 29 pages.


  • “Serbia’s New Constitution: Democracy Going Backwards,” Europe Briefing N°44, 8 November 2006. 18 pages.


  • “An Army For Kosovo?,” Europe Report N°174, 28 July 2006. 35 pages. (contributing author)


  • “Southern Serbia: In Kosovo’s Shadow,” Europe Briefing N°43, 27 June 2006. 11 pages.


  • “Montenegro’s Referendum,” Europe Briefing N°42, 30 May 2006. 10 pages.


  • “Kosovo: The Challenge of Transition,” Europe Report N°170, 17 February 2006. 31 pages. (contributing author)







  • “Kosovo: Toward Final Status,” Europe Report N°161, 24 January 2005. 30 pages. (contributing author).


  • “Serbia’s Changing Political Landscape,” Europe Briefing, 22 July 2004. 17 pages.


  • “Collapse in Kosovo,” Europe Report N°155, 22 April 2004. 52 pages (contributing author).


  • “Serbia’s U-Turn,” Europe Report N°154, 26 March 2004. 16 pages.


  • “Pan-Albanianism: How Big a Threat to Balkan Stability?,” Europe Report N°153, 25 February 2004 (contributing author).


  • “Southern Serbia’s Fragile Peace,” Europe Report N°I52, 9 December 2003.


  • “Serbian Reform Stalls Again,” Balkans Report N° 145, 17 July 2003. 28 pages.


  • “Serbia After Djindjic,” Balkans Report N° 141, 18 March 2003. 18 pages.


  • “Arming Saddam: The Yugoslav Connection,” Balkans Report N° 136, 3 December 2002. 15 pages.


  • “Fighting to Control Yugoslavia’s Military, Balkans Briefing, 15 July 2002. 7 pages.


  • “UNMIK’s Kosovo Albatross: Tackling Division In Mitrovica,” Balkans Report N° 131, 3 June 2002 (co-author). 20 pages.


  • “Serbia: Military Intervention Threatens Democratic Reform,” Balkans Briefing, 28 March 2002.  7 pages.


  • “Belgrade’s Lagging Reform: Cause for International Concern,” Balkans Report N° 126, 7 March 2002. 27 pages.


  • “Kosovo: Landmark Elections,” Balkans Report N° 120, 21 November 2001 (co-author). 19 pages. (contributing author)


  • “Bin Laden And The Balkans: The Politics Of Anti-Terrorism,” Balkans Report N° 119, 9 November 2001 (contributing author).


  • “Serbia’s Transtition: Reforms Under Siege,” Balkans Report N° 117, 21 September 2001. 24 pages.


  • “Bosnia’s Precarious Economy: Still Not Open For Business,” Balkans Report N° 115, 7 August 2001 (co-author). 51 pages.


  • “Milosevic in The Hague: What It Means For Yugoslavia and The Region,” Balkans Briefing, 6 July 2001. 15 pages.


  • “A Fair Exchange: Aid To Yugoslavia For Regional Stability,” Balkans Report N° 112, 15 June 2001. 18 pages.


  • “Turning Strife To Advantage: A Blueprint To Integrate The Croats In Bosnia and Herzegovina,”Herz Balkans Report N° 106, 15 March 2001 (co-author).


  • “Serbia On The Eve Of The December Elections,” Balkans Briefing, 20 December 2000.


  • “Bosnia’s November Elections: Dayton Stumbles,” Balkans Report N° 104, 18 December 2000 (co-author). 22 pages.


  • “War Criminals In Bosnia’s Republika Srpska: Who Are The People In Your Neighbourhood?” Balkans Report N° 103, 2 November 2000 (co-author).


  • “Bosnia’s Refugee Logjam Breaks:  Is The International Community Ready?” Balkans Report N° 95, 30 May 2000.


  • “Reunifying Mostar: Opportunities for Progress,” Balkans Report N° 84, 19 April 2000 (co-author).


  • “Rule of Law in Public Administration: Confusion and Discrimination in a Post-Communist Bureaucracy,” Balkans Report N° 84, 15 December 1999 (co-author).


  • “Republika Srpska in the Post-Kosovo Era: Collateral Damage and Transformation,” Balkans Report, N° 71, 5 July 1999.


  • “The New Kosovo Protectorate,” Balkans Report, N° 69, 20 June 1999.


  • “Wanted for War Crimes,” Yugoslavia Briefing, 1 June 1999 (co-author).


  • “Why Will No One Invest in Bosnia and Herzegovina?” Balkans Report, N° 64, 21 April 1999.


  • “Brcko: A Comprehensive Solution,” Balkans Report, N° 55, 8 February 1999.

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