Behold the TechnoVamp

ARTS “Cyborg”
via Wallpaperup.com

 

Researched, Written and Edited

By

Tim

Two-thirds of the world’s population are now connected by mobile devices.

This milestone of 5 billion unique mobile subscribers globally was achieved in Q2 2017. By 2020, almost 75% of the global population will be connected by mobile.” [1]

This statistic presents the digital population worldwide as of October 2018. As of the measured period, almost 4.2 billion people were active internet users and 3.4 billion were social media users.” [2]

Let’s have a show of… hands…
How many of you rely on your cell phones every day? Get your wages or salaries by electronic payroll? Have stood in a supermarket completely paralysed because “the computers went down”? Do your shopping online and organise to get it home delivered? How many hours a week do you spend at computers, either at work or at home? How many hours on Facebook?

It’s been a well known adage for many years that we are “slaves to the system” and, given that “the system” is a technological marvel to rival the building of the great pyramids, by extension we are slaves to the technology. I don’t think that there’s anyone who can deny that one, single, simple, incontrovertible truth about modern life.

We’ve probably all read editorials dealing with both the ills, and the benefits, of modern technology. If not I would imagine that most everybody has seen movie offerings about technology, either saving or destroying, the human race. We’ve probably seen news reports on the television about “miracle machines” performing life-saving operations and that EMS people successfully employed the “Jaws of Life” to free a trapped car crash victim. No doubt, technology in the right hands, directed toward the right purpose can be a phenomenal thing.

Hazel O’Connor as Kate in “Breaking Glass”
Allied Stars Ltd., Film and General Productions &
Sprint N.V. 1980

“On the eighth day machine just got upset

A problem man had never seen as yet

No time for flight, a blinding light

And nothing but a void, forever night

He said: Behold what man has done

There’s not a world for anyone

Nobody laughed, nobody cried

World’s at an end, everyone has died

Forever amen (amen), amen (amen), amen (amen)”

Hazel O’connor
Eighth Day lyrics © Universal Music Publishing Group

So, based on the concept that the advent of the internet afforded the modern Vampire culture an unparalleled way to communicate and interact, on a global scale, has it helped or harmed? What’s the balance of accounts between the two?

As far as the modern Vampyre culture online goes the earliest reference point we have goes back to 1994 with the establishment of “Vampyres Only” (http://www.vampyres.ca – warning no security certificate for this site proceed at own risk) and the first web page devoted to the “Modern Real Living Vampire Culture”, the late Sanguinarius E. Sanguinarius’ web resource Sanguinarius.org, appeared in the (Northern) spring of 1997.

Thus the mid to late nineties saw the advent of the “electronic age of Vampires”. What began as an idea to provide information, educational and support resources for, and about, modern Vampires has grown to become the “online VC” we know today and, as can be seen from our own records at RVL International, has become a global network.

Source: Quote Master

So, the exercise is meant to focus on whether this “growth”, whether this “online VC” has actually done more harm than good. At RVL International we do try to promote positive events and chat with real Vampires from all walks in the global culture but there are many, many other places out there that offer all sorts of… interesting things and times, that depict both the best, and the worst, that the online Vampire world has to offer. Probably the biggest single problem facing the modern culture in this arena is the sheer volume of “lies”, of “hate”, of “arguments” of “threats, counter-threats and bullying” that goes on… the latter of which, in electronic mediums, are against the law in most countries now. We know it’s not going to stop but does that mean we have to buy into it and swallow, “hook, line and sinker” anything that appears on our phones or monitors?

There is absolutely no doubt that the internet has given us the ability to have “a voice” and to exercise our right to speak that opinion but, arguably, exercising a guaranteed right, without exercising RESPONSIBILITY to go with it… wellll… doesn’t usually work out too well for anyone does it? Indeed, lies, libel, defamation, harassment, cyber-stalking, cyber-bullying, psychological manipulation and so on have all seen a dramatic, and in some cases fatal, rise over the years. Today more and more are going “Ronin” (no apologies for the use of the term) and becoming, or returning to, solitary in their practices. Web resources, such as “VampireFreaks” for example, have been connected to criminal stalking, assaults and the like but when you actually go and spend some time there, as I did a little while back, you find there are no “real Vampires” there, or if there are they are keeping such a low profile they may as well be six feet under. So the name, in the example, is simply a clever marketing strategy to attract audience numbers and, hopefully from that, members.

Ummmm, make that chocolate yeah?

There are, of course, specific, usually small, segments of the culture that involve themselves in good works that benefit not only themselves but also the society around them and these are the organisations that bring the deepest meaning, and value, to the entire culture. For the most part these organisations can be found keeping their own counsel, operating in specific local geographical areas and who decline to involve themselves in the “day-to-day” going on of the wider culture – especially the online culture. The biggest benefit of the technology here is that such organisations have access to a much, much bigger audience, and thereby potential attendees and supporters, than they would have without the technology. Indeed, we at RVL International take pride in helping highlight, support and spread the word about modern culture events and initiatives – the ones we do have, by and large, proven themselves to be most elegantly and professionally conducted but imagine, you are invited to an event, a social event say, the event details give a location and a day and time when the event will be on, you may get directions as to how to get there (one would hope so) and that’s it… you pay your money, your entrance fee, turn up. Questions, is it a dive bar for thugs, thieves and other low-life’s? Is it in one of those “bad” neighbourhoods we’re always hearing, or reading, about? Is there event security? If so, who… thugs? A gang? Professional security? Perhaps it’s out in the “boonies” someplace, an “idyllic holiday getaway” location… facilities? Local medical services? Where are you sleeping? Communally? Tents? Around a camp fire?

It is, for wont of information, a gamble if it’s something that has come to you across your monitor – best thing you can possibly do is speak to someone who lives/works there and ask them. Ask the event organisers the hard questions, if they can’t answer might I suggest that keeping your money in your pocket is not a bad bet. Good, reliable, organised hosts and promoters won’t hesitate to give you all the answers.

It’s like the old saying, “If it’s on your monitor it’s 0.1% true 99.9% horse puckey” and that in itself is an indictment of, not so much the technology but, the use to which technology is put. You could say, at this point, “It’s not the hammer that’s evil, it’s the person holding the hammer,” and you wouldn’t be far from wrong but if you know the “person” is evil why would you let them get hold of a hammer in the first place?

Technology, the best that can be said of it is that it is a double edged sword, you want the benefits? Well, ya gotta run the risks… just like them poor 5 million folks whose personal information “may” have been compromised in that hotel chain hack over the last couple of days. I suppose, if you don’t mind taking rash, ill-informed and unusual risks then go ahead, entrust your sanity, well-being and life to your technology, it’s your choice.

Somebody once asked, “Is there a safe, quiet, peaceful place in the VC anywhere?”
The answer is “Yes but it ain’t anywhere near any technology.”

Copyright T & RVL (Except where otherwise noted) 2018

  1. https://www.businessinsider.com/world-population-mobile-devices-2017-9
  2. https://www.statista.com/statistics/617136/digital-population-worldwide/

NB: Where used, quoted portions of other works are reproduced by permission, or under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, wherein allowance is made for “fair use” for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research.

This article may be linked to but may not be copied or reproduced, nor redistributed in any manner, including electronic without the express permission of the copyright owners.

The views and opinions presented in this article are the opinions of the author and/or contributors and do not necessarily represent the views and opinions of The Owner/s of RVL International, their officers, assigns or agents. RVL International and its officers do not personally, individually, or jointly necessarily recommend or condone any of the activities or practices represented.

For further information please see the RVL International Website Disclaimer

 

Winter dreaming…

Img. Source: OhLaLa Mag

Img. source: Jack Sadler Media Studios

Sqwished, smashed, chainsawed, stomped on and slapped on ya monitor by
TIM

 


Well, well, well… welcome to (meteorologically speaking that is) winter… officially, yah… December 1st, although those of us who’ve had the pleasure of freezing our asses off and dealing with snow, sludge, blizzard conditions et al probably feel like it’s been months already, right?

But hey, look on the bright side, it’s beginning to look a lot like Christmas yeah? In our house preparations are complete (yeah, we start soon as the turkey’s washed down) Lady M dusts off the heirloom decorations and trims the tree, our dear daughter gets her arty game face on and makes new baubles using all sorts of art and craft supplies,
…meanwhile me and the grandson hunker down over the dining table with glue, fluffy white stuff in a bag, A santa hat and come up with…
Bwaaaaaaaaahahahahahahahahahahahaha…!!!

Let’s make some farkin noize…

Oi to the punks, Oi to the Rudes, Oi to the Trad-Skins… everybody wins…!!!


Yeah, feelin’ pretty sharp this morning like… hope everybody’s well out there? or at least as well as can be expected under the circumstances…! What can we find around this disaster zone today then…

Well, as we learned yesterday there’s a December meetup for Chitown Vamps coming in December… You can find the details at The Chicago Vampire Meetup Group page
So, if you’re a Windy City Wampyr, Therian or Otherkin or maybe a visitor looking to hook up with local identities in the Chicago community, get yaself down to the page and support the hometown team…

 

Img. source: Jacobs Media

…and don’t forget Dallaaaaaaaaaaaas…

Yup, another GENTLE reminder, Mike and the VCD istmas do…

The Vampire Court of Dallas presents:

KRAMPUS NACHT 2: WINTER’S RETURN

– A Holiday Toy Drive Benefiting The New Beginnings Center of Garland.

Sunday, December 9th. – Doors open: 9pm

Your Host: May May Graves

Featuring:

Wild Bill’s Ugly Sweater Party in the Video Bar and Joe Virus in the Main Room.

With performances by:

Dead Girl Circus, Arty Dodger, Toni Tabasco, Scarlette D’Vine

Also featuring:

*Vendors for Last Minute Christmas Shopping

*Fangs by Blacksmith Fangs (Houston)

*Krampus Costume Contest at the end of the night with prizes from Cat Dillon
and Dan Miga Designs

*Roving Performers by The Krampus Society

*And Much More!

Suggested Dress Code: Christmas Goth, German Folk, Christmas Horror, Krampus, Winter Horror, Traditional Goth

Admission: $10 over / $15 under 21 – $5 off with Church Dog Tags

Free Drink (1 per individual) with Donation of New/Unwrapped Toy!

Venue: The Church, 2424 Swiss Ave.

Info: thechurchdallas.com

Social Media: thechurchdallas

Info: vampirecourtofdallas.org

Social Media: thevampirecourtofdallas

GO ON, GET INVOLVED AND MAKE SOMEONE’S CHRISTMAS…

Img. courtesy of Vampire Court of Dallas


During the week I wandered across to the West and caught up with Lady Shannon McCabe to see what’s going down this Christmas… well, seems like the Wonder Woman of Sacramento is taking a Personal Leave for Christmas… don’t blame her, she must be tired from all the amazing work she’s done this year. She did let me in on some upcomings though…

 

MARK YA CALENDARS

Img. courtesy of Shannon McCabe

Shannon McCabe Presents: A James Bond New Year’s Eve in Old Sacramento

Public · Hosted by Vampire Ball

Monday, December 31, 2018 at 6 PM – 2 AM PST

Venue: Knobs and Knockers

1023 Front Street #A (Underground), Sacramento, California 95814

Tickets by Eventbrite

Get yerself shakin’.. not stirred in Sacramento…!!!

“Number of the Santabeast?” – Iron Maiden

…and speaking of catching up with folks, I also hooked up with our friend Spurn and learned that after taking a much need, and well overdue, personal leave of absence, the Vampire Fragments project is up, running and updated. A meticulous presentation of info-bits from around the GVC, check it out Fangers…

Vampire Fragments.com
And
Vampire Fragments on Facebook

Welcome back Spurn…!!!


Sooooooo… ONLY 24 SHOPPING DAYS TO GO… got it on yet? Better get ya skates on yeah? Gifts for the family, the friends, the S.O’s… what to get, what to get…?

Got a couple of ideas for ya… Ladies, for the man in your life, what about…
…meanwhile, something for the ladies…

CLICK ME…!

Oh-Em-Gee…!!! Did he just say that???

Naaaahhhhh…seriously though…what about this?

Mo’ CLICKING…

So then, you’re probably wondering what the hell he’s gonna bitch about this week, right? Well, forget it, it’s Winter, my fave time of year, we’re cruising toward Christmas, time of Christmas Cheer and Goodwill right… So, NO BITCHIN’ BITCHES…

“Elvira, Mistress of Christmas”
Img. David Goldner, 2015



Muahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahaaaaaaa…!!!

Isn’t that just precious???

But, aside from all that we at RVL International would like to jump right in and wish ALL our readers a very Happy Christmas and Happy New Year for 2018, may Santa be good to y’all…


Img. source: Heavy Metal Santa

Copyright (except where noted otherwise) T & RVL International, 2018

NB: Where used, quoted portions of other works are reproduced by permission, or under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, wherein allowance is made for “fair use” for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research.

This article may be linked to but may not be copied or reproduced, nor redistributed in any manner, including electronic without the express permission of the copyright owners.

The views and opinions presented in this article are the opinions of the author and/or contributors and do not necessarily represent the views and opinions of The Owner/s of RVL International, their officers, assigns or agents. RVL International and its officers do not personally, individually, or jointly necessarily recommend or condone any of the activities or practices represented.

For further information please see the RVL International Website Disclaimer

 

 

 

…and lo th’ night be almost ‘pon us

img. source: Inglespc.com

First things first boize and ghouls…

img. source: Web Design Library

There, now we’re all ready… *smirk*

Been thinking about things Halloweenish lately… (No fucking kidding… DUH…!!!)
This is the first thing I thought about…

BITE

You talk, you dance, you laugh and drink,
While in the shadows, dark things slink.
In those closets where monsters were,
The corners of your minds now aver.

The glitter and sound that swirls around,
With dark senses, makes hearts pound.
The taste and sense of bodies drawn close,
That heady drug, a massive attack dose.

While shimm’ring beyond pools of light,
Ever ready to dart in, draw blood in a bite.
The wide eyed expectants hope to find,
Salvation from boredom within dark kind.

Beware, beware that gentle dark night,
When All Hallows stretches senses tight.
We are waiting, circling, with delight,
Now you dance in our hell, with one bite…!

copyright T. 2018

That’s a little something for all the “wannabe’s” that’ll be out and about this weekend in their funny clothes and heavy make-up… have a wonderful time won’t you…

Oooooh, wasn’t that bitchy? Care factor – fucking zero, i’m in a bitchy mood today so deal with it…!

…annnnnnd I feel like making sum NOIIIIIIIZE…!!!

For ANYONE that’s EVER been, or felt, DIFFERENT…!!!

You know, there comes time when some things are just more trouble than they’re worth yeah? Ever come across one of those things? Jobs, Cars, Getting out of bed, Facebook… etc.

So, in accordance with that precept we’ve shut down our Facebook portal… I mean, let’s “face” it (very punny eh?) Facebook has done more harm to the modern Vampire Culture than any other single event or process ever did. In fact, to be quite honest, yeah, let’s try that for a change eh? – Facebook, for something that started out as a “good” idea, Facebook has fucked up more lives and situations than any other single thing in the history of history. Just go and Google search some Facebook “bads”… you’ll see there’s only one possible conclusion.

That’s why we now have modern Vampires, with all their experience and knowledge, hanging around on fucking Gamer chat platforms… fer chrissakes already – does that put our people in the same league as momma’s basement dwelling, pop-tart stuffing, socially retarded gamers? What happened to dignity? Or… hey…maybe that means that the “gamers”, dare I say it… the “roleplayers”, now have a legitimate “in” to the modern culture?

It’s especially concerning when you hear reports of good, solid, respectable modern culture people being harangued, slapped down and insulted at the hands of the people in these “channels” and especially disquieting when you hear stories that it’s one or more of the supposed ‘moderators’ doing it… you REALLY wanna be there? Really?

Sheesh, as if things weren’t bad enough around the place…!!! Anarchy in the V.C. ???

Yeah, right on John…!!!

So, what’s next on the agenda… mmmm…mmmmm… more “social commentary”…. hmmmm…

Oh, yeh, yeh, that’s a thing…

Have you been following the latest MedSang Saga??? y’know, the one about manifesto’s, counter-manifesto’s, betrayals, excommunications, underhanded skullduggery, apologies, swipes and counter-swipes along with seemingly endless reams of “why’s and wherefore’s” about the whole thing?

I gotta be honest with ya, it’s getting worse than the Walking Dead… worse than General Hospital, worse than The Young and The Restless… I mean fuck me sideways people, really? An internal issue, a COMMON issue in just about every single group that’s ever been, or ever will be, in the culture and it’s getting bigger than Ben Hur?

I mean, why the sudden transparency and urgency to discuss internal politics by a faction which, historically, has pretty much rejected every single person who ISN’T absolutely in agreement with their “manifesto”???

Holy Fuck, suck it up and go back to your lives citizens…!!!

Y’see… these angelic little boys WERE prophets yeah?

Ohhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh we’re on a roll now aren’t we *manic giggle* but y’know the hoary old saying, “Some things just need to be said”… ’bout time we just stopped thinking it and stepped up right?

Bwaaaaaaaaaaaaahahahahahahahahahahaaaaaaaaaaaa…!!!

Oh-kayyyyy, we’re off to… ummm… ahhhh, here’s a good one

Yeah, I think we’ll make this time for… you got it… your favourite part of the show…

img. source: Vector Stock

THE WEEKLY BEE-AHHHHHHHHTCH…!!!

 

Okay, we have this wonderful, amazing, swirling, roiling, boiling, rockin’ an-ah rollin’ thing called the Modern Vampire Culture. (Known fact)

Within this splendid amalgam of social microcosm we have a myriad of individuals who are walking many paths, following many faiths, credos, manifestos ec. etc. etc. We have Havens, Houses, Temples. Cults and so forth – We have Elders, Leaders, Magisters, Matriarchs, Patriarchs, Lords, Princes, Goddesses, Kings and Queens who (sometimes) have some semblance of control over what goes on in their “Houses” and battle for influence without… they fight a war for the hearts and minds of “the people”, persuading the persuadable to betray, divulge, delete, blacklist and generally “create anarchy” to unbalance their rivals… sound familiar?

Yep – it’s called The VC

Now, at the ground level, within this this magnificent melting pot we have the “members”, the proletariat, the “public” who are being fought over with grandiose schemes, proclamations and edicts, manifestos, creeds and vast, oft times unintelligible “speeches” and rhetoric… yes, it’s like a sad semblance of the Imperial Roman Empire of antiquity but without a Senate…!!!

And you know what? PEOPLE DON’T REALLY GIVE A FLYING FUCK ABOUT IT ALL… Y’all driving away more good people with the stupid games and bullshit than at any other time in the history of the whole thing.

Really, people, in general (and I’m speaking from a vast range of comments that I personally have received) are really, really, really sick and tired of it. So, just think on that for a minute – build your empires, hold your enclaves and develop your manifestos but at the end of the day WHAT GOOD IS HAVING AN EMPIRE WHEN THERE’S NO ONE IN IT BECAUSE THEY THINK YOU ARE A PRIZE DICK…???

Nuff said…

Prophecy, Prophecy, Prophecy…

 

Img. source: “The Good, the Bad and the Ugly”
Produzioni Europee Associate (PEA) (Produzioni Europee Associati – Rome)
Arturo González Producciones Cinematográficas (co-production) and
Constantin Film 1967

Mmmmmmmm… this is gettin’ juicy ain’t it? Probably should throw in a midpoint disclaimer here… L-fuckin’-O-L (Yeah, I’m bein’ a prick today…!!!)

“The views and opinions presented in this article are the opinions of the author and/or contributors and do not necessarily represent the views and opinions of The Owner/s of RVL, their officers, assigns or agents. RVL and its officers do not personally, individually, or jointly necessarily recommend or condone any of the activities or practices represented.” (Ref: RVL Website Disclaimer)

Okayyyyyyy…

 

Meme by T.

There’s something else that’s been in the back of my mind for months and goes back to a little while back when my lady and I got suckered into a particular situation that turned out to be one the most heinous examples of bullshit, misrepresentation and psychological manipulation ever… Loyalty? Honesty? Integrity? – as we say in AustraliaIN A PIG’S FUCKIN’ EYE…!!!

Okay, breaks down like this…

In our wild, weird and wonderful culture – as I mentioned earlier – there are many, many paths, trails, journeys etc. Everybody’s headin’ someplace, by some “road”, somehow and without reservation I wish everyone out there all the best of luck and good journey. I hold everybody to be free to follow whatever path – that’s one of the highest gifts you can give to another person, the right to be what they will.

Having said that, let’s say you go into a group, Haven, House, Temple…whatever… you go in because it is a – see above list – for Vampyres. When you get inside you find there are Vampyre-Therians, Vampire-Witches, Vampire-Fae, Otherkin, all kinds of folks in there – great…! Wonderful..! Amazing…! Vive la difference I say, it’s a chance to learn from other sub-cultural factions and celebrate the diversity in our modern culture – then it begins… “Oh, you should be a Vampire/Therian/Fae/Witch/Otherkin… especially if you’re going to be in our haven…! Let’s put you in with these fine folk…”

WHOA…!!! Hold the boat… you said you honour ALL paths, right?”
“Yes but…”
“Hang on a minute, if you honour all paths, what about my path?
“Yes, well, we are a more ‘spiritual/theological/esoteric/metaphysical’ (whatever) house”
I’m a Vampyre
“Yes, well, that’s fine, you can be a Vampire…we just think you need to be…”
“But I’m a Vampyre, just a Vampyre, that’s all… I don’t have any spirtual/esoteric/theological/magickal etc. interests… I just want to learn…”
“Well, of course you can learn, here, here, read this… it’s our handbook/manual/bible/manifesto… it’ll make everything clear to you dear.”
“WHAT’S NOT CLEAR ABOUT I’M A FUCKING VAMPYRE? ARE YOU A FUCKING RETARD? ARE YOU BLIND? DEAF? HAVE YOU ACTUALLY UNDERSTOOD WHAT I’VE SAID ABOUT MY PATH… A PATH THAT’S AS RESPECTABLE AS ANY OTHER? WHAT THE ACTUAL LIVING FUCK… HAVE YOU GOT TWO BRAINCELLS TO RUB TOGETHER???” 

Yep, that’s actually happened to my wife and I on more than one occasion now and then, after you’ve done ALL the work you suddenly become the REAL BAD DUDE/DUDETTE and you’re fuckin’ shafted, rudely, with a blunt fucking sceptre…

Vintage metal sign – zazzle.com

Vampires/Vampyres who are just that – MOTHERFUCKING, A-GRADE, 100% REAL LIVING VAMPYRES… and you wonder why there’s so many “RONIN” vampyres around…!!!

img. source: Samuel L. Jackson in Quentin Tarantino’s “Pulp Fiction”
Miramax (presents)
A Band Apart
Jersey Films, 1994.

So, fair warning, all you would be “Emperors” who wanna turn us honest to goodness Real Living Vampyres (only, nothing else) into something else – BACK TH’ FUCK OFF – WE BITE…!!!

img. source: Punch drunk Sports

 

WOW…!!! Fuel dissension man, what a ride…!!! Yeah…fuckin’ sing along mothers…!!!

Betcha I can’t get this on our good friend Lady Sylvere’s Grumpy Vamp…!!!

Y’know, I’ve been “awakened” – if ya wanna use the term since 1979. Awakened as a Sanguinarian in the days before internet and Facebook and so forth, all we had then was each other, we didn’t have computers, we didn’t even have frickin’ cell phones – even in the darkest night we ALWAYS had each other. now we hear, from folks down NOLA way, the “spiritual” home of Vampires in the U.S. no less, that different factions will actually diss each other, in the street, in public as they go about their daily business. WTF is that???

There’ll be a whole load of you that are reading this and saying, “Yeah, yeah… blah, blah, blah… heard it all before…!”

Well, in the words of my sacred homekin…

T-Meme

FUCK YOU… We have fucked everything up and now we are heading toward leaving the mess to the younger generation. What are we going to leave to them?

img. source: Pond5

Yeah, exactly…

So, this is my message of warning to the younger ones, to the ones who will inherit, to the ones whom, hopefully, will build something better than we have…!

Yep, yep, yep, yep, yeppers…!!!

I feel so much better now, so much better because I know that there will be one person, maybe one only out of thousands, who will read this and it will help them make a better choice for them… when that happens I will know that my job has been done and done well. That’s about all we can ever hope for right?

So listen, everybody have a great Halloween, everyone be at peace, everyone think about stepping up and doing the right thing… above all… have some fuckin’ fun yeah?

Copyright T. & RVL, 2018 (except where otherwise noted)

 

NB: Where used, quoted portions of other works are reproduced by permission, or under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, wherein allowance is made for “fair use” for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research.

This article may be linked to but may not be copied or reproduce, nor redistributed in any manner, including electronic without the express permission of the copyright owners.

The views and opinions presented in this article are the opinions of the author and/or contributors and do not necessarily represent the views and opinions of The Owner/s of RVL, their officers, assigns or agents. RVL and its officers do not personally, individually, or jointly necessarily recommend or condone any of the activities or practices represented.

For further information please see the RVL Website Disclaimer