Crossroads 2017 – Honesty, Integrity and the non-Partisan approach

Researched, Written and Presented by


Just think, not long now and I’ll have to design the ‘Crossroads 2018’ header image…

Good evening,
I trust everyone is well? You know I have a habit of revisiting certain things that I feel are of great importance to, not only our readers but to the cyberworld in general and this evening I wanted to return and take an updated look at “information”, information and its presentation, its uses, its benefits and even some harms.

There is a vast array of information sources available to the explorer of the modern real Vampire culture online, just like in the rest of the ‘world information’ infrastructure. Sometimes it is very difficult to discern whether the source you are looking at is totally accurate, honest and approaching matters with an unbiased sense of integrity.

In many cases it may not be so difficult to tell, for example, if you want to read positive things about the current government of the United States you read certain ‘pro-government’ newspapers, if you want to review negative things then you read other news sources. It is very much the way of things these days… as the old saying goes, “Opinions are like a-holes…” etc. etc.

So, how does the reader tell that what they’re reading is kosher?

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When we prepare a publication piece at RVL we begin by researching the subject, the material, available resources and information that may be in the searchable public domain. From there we will ALWAYS attempt to make contact with the people involved in what we are intending to write on, after all, our audience wants to read about those people and their ideas rather than what we interpret their aims, goals and purposes to be. If the piece is an “Opinion Piece”, like this one, we will identify it as such, hence the “Crossroads” banner and headlines. In all cases we go to great lengths to ensure that what we are writing about is based in fact, is supported by material that can be linked to and cross-referenced or checked by the reader. We may not hit the mark 110% but we will always strive to get as close as we can and we will, with all except the “Crossroads” pieces, perhaps, seek for a mandated balance of impartiality but never doubt that sometimes even being neutral can get you in trouble though…!

Over the last couple of months we at RVL have been reviewing a selected sample of ‘Vampire’ resources, reviewing for content, reviewing for informed comment, reviewing the supporting information on which such commentary is based and looking for common denominators in these resources. Naturally, as one would suspect, we have found both ends of the spectrum. In presenting the following conclusions we are NOT denying anyone the right to say, and write, whatever they will… after all the freedom of expression is enshrined in, certainly, the constitution of the United States and, by and large, in the constitutional instruments of the majority of democratic institutions around the world.

Perhaps it is with a sense of the necessity for integrity, honesty and impartiality in reporting ‘news’ and ‘current affairs’ in the world wide real Vampire culture that we tend to measure other sources and determine our own path.

The resources that we have focused on during this period of observation are Lady CG’s ‘Smoke and Mirrors’, Jet Berelson’s ‘VampireFreaks’, Zane Robinson’s ‘Awake and Drink’, the late, great, Sanguinarius E. Sanguinarius’ ‘’ and the relatively newly arrived ‘The Red Cellar’.

In each case, firstly, we must accept the fact that the owners and writers for each resource have the right to have an opinion about whatever they will, they have a right to publicise these opinions within their groups and to disperse these opinions as they see a necessity to do so, everyone has that right and that is something that must remain inviolate. The rub comes where said opinions, from anywhere, can’t be, or are not, supportable.

With this in mind let’s take a more in depth look at each;

img. source: Zane Robinson’s

Beginning with Zane Robinson’s ‘Awake and Drink’, as a part of its offerings the resource presents a series of analyses of different sites, groups and web-resources along with the author’s opinion of each resource. One of the items that stands out is the analysis and presentation relating to Temple-House Sahjaza.

Mr. Robinson opines that;
My own thoughts on this Temple are generally disfavorable. Although their online presence is fairly unexciting, they are an extremely active in-person group. There have been numerous reports of some…unruly members of this group; however how much of that is the individual, versus how much is the Temple is questionable.

It is one thing to say that there have been “numerous reports” of something, quite another to offer substantive proof to support that statement and this is where opinions can fall down.

He goes on to write;

Also of concern is the indecisive attitude in regards to whether or not/how much they want to associate themselves with the Sanguinarium and vampyre subculture. For instance, here are two statements from this page:

“We will only accept those who come with a desire to maximize their potential and who can make a significant contribution to the Family, the Sanguinarium and the Vampyre subculture.”

“The Sahjaza, as a Family, do not hold involvement in the politics of other organizations or games of individuals of the sanguinarium and vampyre subculture.”

While I understand where they are coming from with this –that they don’t want to be taken down with all the other idiots out there by those idiots’ actions– you just can’t have it both ways;…

One of the problems here is that this is “old news”, it does not reflect the modern and most current outlook and practices of the organisation. This particular timeframe was somewhere back in the early to mid- 90’s, around 24 years ago.

The other major difficulty we discovered was that none of the hotlinks to “sources” mentioned in the analysis worked so we were unable to verify any of the statements and substantiations offered. We did make attempt, on two occasions, to contact Mr. Robinson for clarification via email but we received no response.

Upon reading further, particularly with reference to the section entitled, “The ‘Guide’ to Vampyrism” ( accessed via the publicly accessible dropdown menus ) we read that the site owner is adamant on the following point,

“The one thing that I will not tolerate is misinformation. While you may or may not agree with all which is posted within this site, unless you can challenge it with an argument well-supported enough to change my mind or the minds of others viewing, then the information contained herein will not change.”

At the very least it could be concluded that the web resource ‘Awake and Drink’ is now defunct by virtue of its material being long out of date, if not somewhat self-contradictory.


img. source: Lady CG’s Smoke and Mirrors

In stark contrast to this example we have Lady CG’s ‘Smoke and Mirrors’, established in 2002 this resource has had, and still does, a long and illustrious record of support and service to the modern Vampire culture. Many of you may recall that Lady CG was a guest on A&E’s “Secret Lives of Vampires” documentary, along with Lady Michelle Belanger, in 2005.

Smoke and Mirrors offers, and always has, in depth ‘real-time’ discussion facilities, a live chat venue on-site along with extensive archives of articles, editorials and reports that go back, pretty much, to its inception and provide a huge resource for students of the modern culture.

Of the many resources offered the modern real living Vampire there are a great number of practical guides for actually living the life, not in any theoretical sense but from the solid basis of Lady CG’s personal experience. Items such as the “Vampyres for Beginners” forum, an informative, supportive and non-judgmental place for newcomers to find out much needed things, Lady CG’s own seminal work, “Practical Vampyrism”, a book that modern Vampires can use as a guide to healthy and happy Vamp life.

Make no mistake, there is always room for opinions at S&M as well but the difference between there and many other places is that the atmosphere is most decidedly non-combative and though discussions can get lively they are, by the great majority, mutually respectful and non-judgmental.

img. source: Unesco

From the very beginning of my association with Real Vampire Life E-Zine, Real Vampire News back then, our owner made it very clear that decorum, impartiality and a ‘fair hearing’ for all were the foundations for the E-Zine. Yes, we are allowed to have opinions and, as Staff we are allowed to publish said opinions BUT the condition is that we identify such as personal opinions NOT the general position or opinion of the E-Zine. That’s why I created the “Crossroads” series. As I said, “…everyone has one” and has the right to speak their opinion.

Jet Berelson – founder of VampireFreaks
img. source: Google-Plus

One of the biggest surprises that we got while researching this matter was in the well-established and widely known web resource “VampireFreaks”. Originally developed, we discovered, as a Goth/ Indie/Industrial cultural resource it has, unfortunately, become widely associated with criminal instances perpetrated by individuals who frequented the site with predatory intent. As we also discovered, over something like two months of interactions there, there are NO real Vampires, or, at least, none who wanted to ‘stand and be recognised’.

After entering an inquiry, and touching base every few days or so, these are just a sample of the replies we received;

“They sparkle”

 “Just mosquitoes. ~shrug~”

“Vampires Bite”

 “there was a Vampire Duck called Count Duckula, he was enemies with Danger Mouse”

“Vampires existed in Ancient Egypt. They drunk blood in certain rituals.”

“Do you wear a fedora”

 “The red cross is an insatiable blood sucker.”

“Don’t even get me started on the Red Cross”

“I’ve worn fedora’s for 20 years until about last year when it suddenly became a thing not because I’m anti hipster, just because I wanted it to be 1935 again” 🙁

“You miss college that much?”

“I WISH I was college age in 1935, are you kiddin’!? Fun time to be alive. As long as I still lived in the NJ/NY area and not like Wyoming”

Okay, drifting off topic there at the end…!!! Out of curiosity we attempted to contact Mr. Berelson to determine how the name came about for the site, thus far we have yet to receive a reply. is an online community for the Gothic–industrial subcultures. It was created by site owner, Mr. Jet Berelson, in 1999, beginning with a limited range of forums dedicated to Gothic–industrial music.

Stepping away from the online site VampireFreaks hosts an online store that sells Goth and alternative clothing, it also hosts a number of events, mainly in the New York City area. Information of these events can be found on the website. Two of the most popular being the ‘Cybertron’, a gothic-industrial club night in NYC, and the ‘Triton Festival’, a music festival that has attracted gothic-industrial bands from around the world.

The site has been, as I say, somewhat unfortunately, linked with a number of violent and sexual controversies however, in a reported response the site owner has said, “the website does not influence its users to commit crimes”, and goes on to note that “The goth scene is a very friendly, nurturing, non-violent community and we are very supportive of our users and do not condone any illegal activities”.

But, as I said, contrary to the name, NO Vampyres to be found, sorry.

img. source: The Red Cellar

One of the latest resources that we have watched develop is that of ‘The Red Cellar’ and the linked resource ‘Ask a Sanguivore’.

It is a growing resource and one that caters specifically to sanguine Vampyres, now there are those that have, and will, opine that such separation is not good for the overall culture… sorry, doesn’t hold water in my opinion (there you go, there’s that phrase…!) It is vitally important to any culture that the rights of its individual sectors be upheld in equality… after all,

“The United States Constitution First Amendment (1791) Free Exercise Clause guarantees a person’s right to hold whatever [religious] beliefs he or she wants, and to freely exercise that belief. The amendment guarantees an individual’s right to express and to be exposed to a wide range of opinions and views. It also guarantees an individual’s right to physically gather or associate with others in groups for economic, political or religious purposes. It was intended to ensure a free exchange of ideas…” [Ref: Monk, Linda. “Amendment I”. Annenberg Classroom. Leonore Annenberg Institute for Civics of the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania.]

The Facebook portals offer an up to date reporting of resources for the student of the Sanguine and the website presents articles, editorials and commentaries regarding the current Sanguine life and movement. It is true, to some extent, that the Sanguine Vampire culture has been under assault for many years, the proliferation of ‘alternative’ Vampyre practices and theories that came along over the last ten to twelve years has been nothing short of breath-taking and, while each had its own points of merit in most cases, we have to agree that nothing says “Vampire” like the consumption of blood.

Whether the proofs are coming to support beneficial and nutritional uses for the ingestion of blood or whether we look back at ages old recipes that contain blood in some form in foodstuffs, whether we allude to the old folklores of the Vampire or whether we choose to examine the accounts of the ritual and historical uses and consumption of human blood among ancient, and indigenous, races we must accept that there is a great deal of merit in the Sanguine assertions and that ‘The Red Cellar’ is at the forefront of the studies of such.

img. source: Elcom

One of the greatest difficulties that anyone faces when coming to an online culture is in deciding what is a “good” source of information, and what is a “bad” source. Unfortunately you can get drawn to a “bad” source by the trappings of glamour and glitzy approach… it’s an age old advertising ploy, “catch the eye, catch the attention”, this can, however, often hide inferior product – false advertising? Some would say “clever advertising”. A good thing to bear in mind all the time.

Whenever anyone asks me what I consider to be the best web-resource for Vampires on the net they all expect me to say, naturally, J. Reason’s Real Vampire Life E-Zine, many of them are surprised when I don’t… my answer never varies, and hasn’t for the last decade or so…

In August of 2015 a great tragedy was visited on the modern living Vampire culture, we lost Lady Sanguinarius E. Sanguinarius (a.k.a. Sangi) Her site,, had become the yardstick by which everyone else measured their site developments and has been heavily supported and frequented since its establishment in 1997.

The site is still being maintained and provides a great range of resources for the modern culture. In an easy to navigate manner, the tab drop-downs at the top of the home page make it simple to find exactly what you’re looking for and the vast amount of information, much of it going back to the nineties, is maintained and fully accessible.

From The Advanced Bonewits’ Cult Danger Evaluation Frame (Version 2.6) to Vampire FAQ’s, from an Online Press Room to Vampire Community Graphics to the famous ‘Dictionary of Vampspeak’ and more there is a wealth of study information and interaction/reading available to anyone looking for relevant and unbiased information.

As it says, on the “About Us” page, in the ‘Statement of Purpose’;
“To establish and maintain a national/worldwide communication, information, and support network for all blood-drinkers, self-identified vampires/vampyres and otherkin/therians;”

At last visit it seems that the “Registration” for site is still disabled, however, we have contacted the administrators/managers at The VCMB (the message board) to determine whether this will be changing and when. We will make the information available when we receive a reply.

In Conclusion:

As you can see, and perhaps it’s no big surprise but the resources available on the internet for real living Vampyres, students of the modern culture or researchers looking for credible sources, vary widely in scope and quality. The first thing one needs to make sure of is, “am I reading facts or opinions?”

If you can identify them as “facts” then they should be supportable, able to be cross-referenced and verifiable. A fact is NOT a fact just because someone says it is.

If you identify it, or rather, should the author identify it as “opinion” then, ideally, it should be informed, based in some sort of original fact or verifiable possibility. After all, opinion without support can very often be mistaken for something else and ignored.

Cases both for and against need to be built, built in calm, rational and sensible ways. They need to be supported and, above all, plausible. If they’re not they simply sound stupid, no?

Don’t sound/look stupid – doesn’t help anyone, least of all you…!


Copyright TB & RVL 2017

NB: Where used, quoted portions of other works are reproduced by permission, or under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, wherein allowance is made for “fair use” for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research.

This article may be linked to but may not be copied or reproduced, nor redistributed in any manner, including electronic without the express permission of the copyright owners.

The views and opinions presented in this article are the opinions of the author and/or contributors and do not necessarily represent the views and opinions of The Owner/s of RVL, their officers, assigns or agents. RVL and its officers do not personally, individually, or jointly necessarily recommend or condone any of the activities or practices represented.

For further information please see the RVL Website Disclaimer


New for old for old for new?

Written and presented by


Good evening,

In the way of all things, history especially, things do seem to turn in full circles over a course of time don’t you think?

Many topics, questions and subjects that have been visited in the past seem to find new life breathed into them from time to time and this is not necessarily a bad thing. Fresh eyes, looking at old problems, or questions, can very often see things that may have “slipped through the cracks” previously.

The subject, or rather subjects, of this editorial are twofold; firstly, the consideration of a perception that has been called “Med-Sang”, or Medical Sanguinarianism which engenders a proposed re-definition of “Vampire types” and, secondly, the renewed calls for “separation” from the overall culture by specific groups of real living Vampires.

It is sometimes difficult, given interactions and exposure to certain groups, to maintain a strictly neutral air when attempting to present information but I would like to assure everyone reading this that neither I, nor RVL, have a vested interest in these issues. We simply wish to bring the information to light so that our readers are in a position to make informed decisions about which sides of which fences they may wish to stand.

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Having said as much let us turn, initially, to the matter of a relatively newly coined phrase, “Med-Sang”. That is not to say, of course, that the concepts behind the “Med-sang” term are new, quite the reverse in fact.

From reading an article entitled, “Consider the Med Sang Point of View” presented at website The Red Cellar, we are given to understand that, quote, “Many blood drinking “Vampires” are turning their eyes towards possible medical explanations for their conditions, disregarding the glamour of the vampire image and focusing on how to quietly and safely acquire what is for them, the only medication they know of to effectively treat perceived physical and psychological symptoms.”

This, in its turn, leads us to seek a definition for exactly what a “Med-Sang” might actually be. An explanation can be found at the web resource Vampire Network News where the definition offered is contained in an editorial entitled, “The Case for Separation Of The Vampire Community [ And Its Benefits ]”. The term “Sanguivore” is contained in a list of “types” of Vampire created by the author of the work. These types are,
Cultural vampires, or people who choose to ingest blood, or energy but not in order obviate medical or psychological complications. These people are held to be such that practice vampire lifestyles and envelop themselves in the cultural aspects of the Vampire.

Next are the Energy vampires, described as those “who must intake energy (in various forms) in order to avoid potentially life-threatening medical complications and enhance their physiology”.

The third offered definition is “Sanguivores”, these Vampires are held to be those ingest blood so that they can avoid, “potentially life-threatening medical complications and enhance their physiology.”

The final definition is that of Hybrids, or, Vampires who must ingest “both blood and energy in order to avoid potentially life-threatening medical complications and enhance their physiology.”

The Suscitatio Lexicon [1] provides some further delineation of types in its definition of Sanguinarian where it records that, “Sanguinarian vampires can vary in their experience of blood hunger and in how often or in what quantities they need to feed, but the unique craving for blood and the physical symptoms associated with neglecting to drink blood are unifying features of sanguinarian vampirism.

It goes on to say that, “there is a popular but not universally-held theory within the Community that the life force energy or “prana” contained within the blood is the source from which they feed, rather than any physical component of the blood itself. This theory is supported by the notably small amount of blood that vampires consume to alleviate their hunger, but challenged by the fact that vampires who consider themselves primarily blood drinkers often do not display as many or any of the psychic tendencies that psychic vampires do, and more often report more physical symptoms, such as sense acuity and physical strength, than do the psychic vampires.”

Indeed, it can get confusing, even, we suspect, within the Sanguinarian population.

From the articles at both The Red Cellar and The VNN we are led to understand that the Med-Sang is of the “Sanguivore” type of modern living Vampire, i.e. one who MUST ingest blood to stay alive, to avoid threats, possibly fatal, to mind and/or body and who experiences “enhanced physiology”.

This distinction raises several unanswerable questions and the first and foremost of these is, “What, exactly, is the component in blood that keeps modern Sanguine Vampires from becoming physically or psychologically unwell?” Of course, at this time, there is no identification of that component available so the effects of the blood intake can’t be gauged because there are no indicators to measure against. There are a great many reports, some from very creditable sources that describe what a “lack of blood feeding” can lead to. The problem is that these are anecdotal evidences, not empirical and although these sources are impeccable in themselves the shot that the hard-line sceptics will fire off with, every time, is, “Prove it”. The truth is, at this point in time there is no “proof” available, there is no “empirical evidence” in support of the Med Sang point of view, however, consider this, as of 2012, 2.2 billion Christians believed in God… [2]

I haven’t seen any proof of him around the place, have you? However, the faith and belief in this deity provides the inspiration for millions upon millions to “get through” life. Belief can be a very strong ally indeed.

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It would do everyone well to remember that modern Vampires, of any type or description, are NOT obliged to “prove” anything to anyone, no more than a Christian has to “prove” their God exists and the naysayers should accept that they have no right to demand such proof, much less to feel they are owed such proof.

The Med-Sang cultural element are, as is anyone else, perfectly entitled to their beliefs, perceptions and their own places to discuss such, what they do not have the right to do, however, is to attempt to impose; either directly, or indirectly, their cultural sub-set labels on anyone else and this is where any appeal for wider recognition of their existence can fall through.  Somebody once commented to me, roughly, that, “words don’t always mean what they mean in the dictionary, they mean what the majority of people understand them to mean.” In essence, if I convinced enough people that the colour of a summer sky was actually green then blue would become the new green… only one problem, where would that leave poor old green?

Med-Sangs employ the term to describe, within their own faction, the meaning of their perceived, and believed, condition or their “normal” state of being. Outside of that environment the term has little meaning to anyone who is not a Med-sang but it does, however, identify a person as being from that particular cultural group – whether we understand it or not and at this time, to all intents and purposes, that is the aim. Another issue may, and has done, raise its head, what about people who don’t agree with the “Med-sang” perspective? What’s to be done with them?

In one word, tolerance. It doesn’t matter how loudly someone yells to make themselves heard, it doesn’t matter what rhetoric or explanations they choose to employ, it doesn’t matter what insults they may throw at people who don’t “believe” the fact remains that anything that challenges another’s beliefs, challenges another’s perception and challenges another’s understanding will be met with various levels of resistance. The true test of the theory is whether those proposing the new theory are able, or competent, to mount a defence of their position based in logic, fact and plausible surmise. Biting back often does more harm than good and, in the case of the early reports of the ‘Med-sang’ issue this caused some great commotion, a great deal of angst and even ended up setting friend against friend. Not a great start if you’re looking for acceptance and recognition.

Img. source: louisdietvorst,


This brings us, in a semi-direct manner, to the second point of this editorial. By involving themselves, predominantly, in the case for separation of the Vampire Culture by Vampire type they are seeking to categorize the entire membership of the global culture according to their own definitions. This is fine within their own circles and enclaves but this, more than any other factor, could be the very thing that will see any attempt to separate the culture, ultimately, fail. Rather than separation, which has not been declared as an absolute end goal of the Med-Sang contingent, it would seem that a partial separation would be better considered. Perhaps a good compromise might be a group, or groups, where Med-Sangs can be and can discuss their own business, the business of discovering what and who they are, if that’s the case then fine but, in open discussions and multi-membership forums in combined web resources; that is websites where Vampires and Otherkin of diverse types gather, there have been instances where other members of the Vampire culture have been ridiculed and harangued for voicing their opinions against the case for separation.

Now, you might say that this is normal for the online vampire environment and that, unfortunately, is why so many good and possibly productive discussions come apart and lose all semblance of the rational. Perhaps the honoured Deacon Gray, Member of House of the Dreaming, was not so very far off the mark when he opined that a good name for a group of Vampires would be “a ‘bicker’ of Vampires”.

Img. source: Big

A question, at this point, if I may… do you think that if the Vampire culture were segregated according to type the bickering, the insults, the tantrums and the rhetoric might achieve a more rational level of productive talks? I wonder…

Forming a self-interest group to tackle such issues and questions necessarily needs to include people from ALL sectors influenced by such things so that a balanced outcome and view of the subject is achieved, without this you simply have an “exclusionist” group.


The case for separation of the Vampire Culture has been alive and kicking since the early days of the online culture when Lady Amy Kreiytaz was writing of  a psi versus sang separatism, it was the topic of an article written, and presented in Lady CG’s “Smoke and Mirrors”, by CJ, then The Infamous CJ, entitled, “A Sanguinarian Treatise: An Argument For Partition From The Vampire Community”, which has been reposted at The Red Cellar, and, most recently in the previously mentioned, “The Case for Separation Of The Vampire Community [ And Its Benefits ]” and subsequent discussions held at the web resource Vampire Network News. It is, in essence, an old chestnut, it is a problem that has not been resolved in some three decades or more, thus it is not a problem that is going to go away because one group within the culture wants to break away.

In speaking of the article, “Separation Of The Vampire Community [And Its Benefits]” Lady Jane More of The Vampire Network wrote;

the piece doesn’t actually support the idea of “us vs them”. What it does do is gently and respectively present the concept of us vs Us; microcosms based on specifically nurtured needs, catering to individuals in a way that enables them to feel safe, learn, and grow unhindered. Protecting the most vulnerable among us in a way that just might save lives, instead of risking them. It asks that we put aside any and all kinds of power struggles for collective spaces, so we may ultimately enable greater cooperation and understanding in the future. When fully developed microcosms can come together to form a non-contentious whole.”

Lady Lia Tajra of The Vampire Network, went on to note;

By partitioning into smaller groups based on physical and mental commonality, there is a better opportunity for individuals to understand themselves, find the community that suits them best, grow there, and become ambassadors for their subtype who can THEN reach out to other subtypes and establish a clearer, stronger and more cohesive GVC.”

The situation at the heart of the problem is, indeed, far, far older than these discussions and perspectives, it comes back to the very basic of necessities for progress and improvement… one word answer…

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Whether or not the Med-Sang movement decides to withdraw from the wider culture, so be it… everyone MUST respect the decision. Whether people agree or disagree with the “Separatists”, so be it but everyone MUST respect the point of view of the separatist contingent. Whether people completely without vested interest either way have questions and opinions, or not, their right to voice those questions and/or opinions is inviolable and should be respected.

For everyone who wants someone to respect their rights, they MUST, in turn, respect the rights of that someone and until that situation is resolved an “agreeable” separation of anything is never going to work.

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The only remaining option then is for the Med-Sang people to leave and set up their own place. If the Psi contingent don’t want to endure what they see as devaluation and/or criticism then the ONLY option they have is to separate from the wider culture. If the Hybrid contingent want their own home place, free of interference or mischief, then the ONLY option they have is to completely separate themselves from the wider culture.

In fact, if you think about it, if you don’t have, and exercise, a level of common decency and respect then, well, you already have separation.

Copyright TB & RVL 2017


  2. ANALYSIS (2011-12-19). “Global Christianity”. Retrieved 2012-08-17.

Further references:

“True Blood? Not Yet.” []

NB: This article may be linked to but may not be copied or reproduced, nor redistributed in any manner, including electronic without the express permission of the copyright owners.

The views and opinions presented in this article are the opinions of the author and/or contributors and do not necessarily represent the views and opinions of The Owner/s of RVL, their officers, assigns or agents. RVL and its officers do not personally, individually, or jointly necessarily recommend or condone any of the activities or practices represented.

Where used, quoted portions of other works are reproduced by permission, or under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, wherein allowance is made for “fair use” for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research.

For further information please see the RVL Website Disclaimer